Gift – Wikipedia

A present or BIRTHDAY GIFT a present is an object given BIRTHDAY GIFT to someone with out the expectancy of fee or whatever in go back. An object isn’t always a gift if that item is already owned with the aid of the one to whom it’s miles given. BIRTHDAY GIFT Although gift-giving may contain an expectation of reciprocity, a gift is meant to be unfBIRTHDAY GIFT astened. In many countries, the act of at the same time changing money, items, and so BIRTHDAY GIFT forth. may sustain social members of the family and make a contribution to social concord. Economists have elaborated the economics of gift-giving into the belief of a present financial system. By extension the time period gift can check with any item or act of service that makes the opposite happier or less unhappy, specially as a choose, which includes forgiveness and kindness. Gifts also are first and principal provided on occasions consisting of birthdays and vacations. BIRTHDAY GIFT


In many cultures gifts are traditionally packaged in a few manner. For instance, in Western cultures, items are often wrapped in wrapping paper and observed by using a gift be aware which might also observe the event, the recipient’s name and the giver’s name. In Chinese culture, crimson wrapping connotes good fortune. Although less expensive gifts are not unusual amongst colleagues, associates and acquaintances, luxurious or amorous presents are considered more suitable among near pals, romantic interests or spouse and children.[1]

Gift-giving activities[edit]

Gift-giving occasions can be:

An expression of affection or friendship

An expression of gratitude for a present acquired.

An expression of piety, inside the shape of charity.

An expression of cohesion, within the form of mutual resource.

To share wealth.

To offset misfortune.

Offering tour souvenirs.

Custom, on occasions (frequently celebrations) consisting of

A birthday (the individual that has his or her birthday offers cake, and many others. and/or gets gifts).

A potlatch, in societies wherein popularity is related to gift-giving instead of acquisition.

Christmas (in the course of the records of Christmas present giving, people have given one another presents, frequently pretending they’re left by means of Santa Claus, the Christ Child or Saint Nicholas).

Feast of Saint Nicholas (people deliver every different gifts, frequently supposedly receiving them from Saint Nicholas).

Easter baskets with chocolate eggs, jelly beans, and chocolate rabbits are gifts given on Easter.

Greek Orthodox Christians in Greece, will supply presents to own family and buddies on the Feast of Saint Basil.

Muslims supply items to family and buddies, referred to as Eidi, on Eid al-Fitr (the quit of Ramadan) and on Eid al-Adha.

American Jews provide Hanukkah presents to own family and pals.

Hindus provide Diwali and Pongal items to circle of relatives and friends. Rakhi or Raksha Bandhan is some other event wherein brothers give presents to sisters.

Buddhists provide Vesak items to family and pals.

Gifts are given to among African American families and friends on Kwanzaa.

A wedding ceremony (the couple gets presents and gives meals and/or beverages at the wedding reception).

A wedding anniversary (each partner gets presents).

A funeral (site visitors convey flowers, the household of the deceased give meals and/or beverages after the ceremonial element).

A delivery (the baby receives presents, or the mother gets a present from the daddy known as a push present).

Passing an exam (the student gets gifts).

Father’s Day (the father gets items).

Mother’s Day (the mother receives presents).

Siblings Day (the sibling gets presents)

Exchange of items among a guest and a number, frequently a conventional exercise.


Retirement Gifts

Congratulations Gifts

Engagement Gifts

Housewarming birthday celebration Gifts

BIRTHDAY GIFT women’s day Gifts

Valentine’s Day

Promotional gifts[edit]

Promotional gifts range from the everyday gifts. The recipients of the presents may be either worker of a corporation or the customers. Promotional presents are specifically used for marketing purposes. They are used to sell the logo call and increase its awareness some of the people. In promotional gifting approaches, the high-quality and presentation of the items hold more price than the presents itself in view that it will act as a gateway to accumulate new customers or pals.

As reinforcement and manipulation[edit]

Giving a gift to a person isn’t always necessarily just an altruistic act. It may be given in the wish that the receiver reciprocates in a particular manner. It can also take the shape of advantageous reinforcement as a praise for compliance, probably for an underhand manipulative and abusive motive.[2]

Unwanted presents[edit]

A enormous fraction of presents are unwanted, or the giver can pay more for the item than the recipient values it, resulting in a misallocation of financial assets known as a deadweight loss. Unwanted items are often “regifted”, donated to charity, or thrown away.[three] A present that clearly imposes a burden at the recipient, either because of preservation or storage or disposal prices, is known as a white elephant.

One motive of the mismatch among the giver’s and receiver’s view is that the giver is focused on the act of giving the present, whilst the receiver is extra interested in the lengthy-time period utilitarian value of the present.[four]For instance, many receivers select a destiny enjoy in preference to an object, or a realistic gift that they have requested over a greater costly, showier present selected by means of the giver.[four]

One approach of decreasing the mismatch among the consumer and receivers’ tastes is increase coordination, often undertaken within the shape of a marriage registry or Christmas list. Wedding registries particularly are often stored at a single keep, which could designate the precise gadgets to be purchased (resulting in matching housewares), and to coordinate purchases so the identical gift is not bought by means of one-of-a-kind visitors. One take a look at discovered that wedding ceremony guests who departed from the registry commonly did so due to the fact they wished to sign a closer courting to the couple by personalizing a gift, and additionally determined that due to no longer abiding through the recipients’ preferences, their items have been appreciated much less regularly.[5]

An anticipated $3.four billion changed into spent on undesirable Christmas gifts within the United States in 2017.[6] The day after Christmas is usually the busiest day for returns in countries with large Christmas present giving traditions.[6][7] The overall unredeemed value of gift cards purchased inside the U.S. every year is estimated to be about a thousand million dollars.[3]

Legal components[edit]

At common regulation, for a gift to have legal effect, it changed into required that there be (1) reason by way of the donor to present a present, and (2) transport to the recipient of the item to accept as a gift.

In some international locations, sure varieties of presents above a certain financial amount are difficulty to taxation. For the US, see Gift tax within the United States.

In some contexts, gift giving can be construed as bribery. This tends to arise in conditions where the gift is given with an implicit or explicit agreement among the giver of the present and its receiver that some sort of service may be rendered (often outdoor of ordinary legitimate techniques) due to the gift. Some agencies, along with authorities workers, may have strict regulations regarding gift giving and receiving if you want to keep away from the advent of impropriety.[eight]

Cross border economic presents are subject to taxation in each source and destination nations based totally at the treaty between the 2 nations.

Religious views[edit]

Lewis Hyde claims in The Gift that Christianity considers the Incarnation and next dying of Jesus to be the finest present to humankind, and that the Jataka incorporates a story of the Buddha in his incarnation as the Wise Hare giving the last alms with the aid of presenting himself up as a meal for Sakka. (Hyde, 1983, 58-60)

In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the bread and wine which might be consecrated for the duration of the Divine Liturgy are referred to as “the Gifts.” They are to start with the presents of the community (each individually and corporately) to God, after which, after the epiklesis, the Gifts of the Body and Blood of Christ to the Church.

Ritual sacrifices may be seen as return gifts to a deity.

See also[edit]References[edit]^ Brigham, John Carl (1986). Social Psychology. p. 322.

^ Braiker, Harriet B. (2004). Who’s Pulling Your Strings ? How to Break The Cycle of Manipulation. ISBN 978-zero-07-144672-3.

^ a b Lee, Timothy B. (December 21, 2016). “The monetary case towards Christmas provides”. Vox. Retrieved December 5, 2017.

^ a b Galak, Jeff; Givi, Julian; Williams, Elanor F. (December 2016). “Why Certain Gifts Are Great to Give however Not to Get: A Framework for Understanding Errors in Gift Giving”. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 25 (6): 380–385. doi:10.1177/0963721416656937. ISSN 0963-7214.

^ Mendoza, Nohely (December 26, 2017). “New Study Explores Psychology Of Giving Wedding Gifts”. Nexstar Broadcasting. Waco, Texas.

^ a b Mendoza, Nohely. “Biggest return day of the year”. Nexstar Broadcasting. Waco, Texas. Retrieved September 19, 2018.

^ Musaddique, Shafi (January 2, 2018). “Unwanted Christmas provides set to upward thrust on busiest day of the year for returns”. The Independent. Retrieved September 19, 2018.

^ “Gifts and Payments”. Washington, D.C.: United States Office of Government Ethics. Archived from the original on September 15, 2020. Retrieved September 19, 2018.

Further studying[edit]Marcel Mauss and W.D. Halls, Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies, W. W. Norton, 2000, change paperback, ISBN zero-393-32043-X

Lewis Hyde: The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property, 1983 (ISBN 0-394-71519-five), in particular component I, “A Theory of Gifts”, part of which changed into initially posted as “The Gift Must Always Move” in Co-Evolution Quarterly No. 35, Fall 1982.

Jean-Luc Marion translated through Jeffrey L. Kosky, “Being Given: Toward a Phenomenology of Giveness”, BIRTHDAY GIFT Stanford University Press, 2002 by the Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University, (fabric : alk. paper) ISBN 0-8047-3410-0.

Suzie Gibson: “Give and take: the tension of gift giving at Christmas,” The Conversation, 16 December 2014.

(in French) Alain Testart, Critique du don : Études sur la move non marchande, Paris, Collection Matériologique, éd. Syllepse, 268 p., 2007

Review of the “World of the Gift”

Antón, C., Camarero, C. and Gil, F. (2014), The tradition of gift giving: What do consumers anticipate from commercial and private contexts? Journal of Consumer Behaviour, thirteen: 31–forty one. doi: 10.1002/cb.1452

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